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Tytuł pozycji:

Chlorella virus ATCV-1 encodes a functional potassium channel of 82 amino acids.

Tytuł :
Chlorella virus ATCV-1 encodes a functional potassium channel of 82 amino acids.
Autorzy :
Sabrina Gazzarrini
Ming Kang
Alessandra Abenavoli
Giulia Romani
Claudio Olivari
Daniele Gaslini
Giuseppina Ferrara
James L. van Etten
Stefan M. Kast
Gerhard Thiel
Anna Moroni
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Temat :
POTASSIUM channels
AMINO acid metabolism
CHLORELLA
SACCHAROMYCES cerevisiae
GENETIC mutation
PHENYLALANINE
Źródło :
Biochemical Journal; May2009, Vol. 420 Issue 2, p295-303, 9p
Czasopismo naukowe
Chlorella virus PBCV-1 (Paramecium bursaria chlorella virus-1) encodes the smallest protein (94 amino acids, named Kcv) previously known to form a functional K+ channel in heterologous systems. In this paper, we characterize another chlorella virus encoded K+ channel protein (82 amino acids, named ATCV-1 Kcv) that forms a functional channel in Xenopus oocytes and rescues Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants that lack endogenous K+ uptake systems. Compared with the larger PBCV-1 Kcv, ATCV-1 Kcv lacks a cytoplasmic N-terminus and has a reduced number of charged amino acids in its turret domain. Despite these deficiencies, ATCV-1 Kcv accomplishes all the major features of K+ channels: it assembles into a tetramer, is K+ selective and is inhibited by the canonical K+ channel blockers, barium and caesium. Single channel analyses reveal a stochastic gating behaviour and a voltage-dependent conductance that resembles the macroscopic I/V relationship. One difference between PBCV-1 and ATCV-1 Kcv is that the latter is more permeable to K+ than Rb+. This difference is partially explained by the presence of a tyrosine residue in the selective filter of ATCV-1 Kcv, whereas PBCV-1 Kcv has a phenylalanine. Hence, ATCV-1 Kcv is the smallest protein to form a K+ channel and it will serve as a model for studying structure–function correlations inside the potassium channel pore. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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